Fancheng was an ancient city in Hubei, situated on the southern side of the , opposite Xiangyang on the northern side of the river. Throughout history, the city has served both military and economic purposes, and was famous for numerous battles including the Battle of Fancheng during the Three Kingdoms period and the Siege of Xiangyang during the Mongol invasions.
In 1949, Fancheng was merged with Xiangyang to form Xiangfan, a prefecture-level city. Fancheng is now a district of that city, encompassing 482.2 km? and having a population of 630,000, according to a 2004 census.